Cytokines are cell signaling molecules that exist to aid communication between cells in relation to immune response. They also stimulate cellular movement towards points of inflammation or parts of the body affected by trauma and infection. These small proteins play a role in autocrine signaling, endocrine signaling, and paracrine signaling. They also serve as agents for immunomodulation or the regulatory adjustment of the immune system to make the immune system responses adaptive instead of being maladaptive. They regulate the activity of cell-based and humoral immune responses.
Cytokines promote or inhibit inflammation. They influence the growth, maturing, and responsiveness of specific cells. Some particular kinds may also have the ability to inhibit other types of cytokines.
Where are Cytokines Found?
Cytokines exist in protein, glycoprotein, and peptide forms and are produced by a wide range of cells, particularly those involved in the immune system. These cells include the T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, mast cells, macrophages, fibroblasts, and stromal cells. Your body is the one responsible for the production of cytokines which you cannot get through supplementation. However, you can improve the production of cytokines in your body by eating the right food.
Add Cytokines to your Diet.
Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are regarded as precursors for the production of new cytokines, so it is advisable to consume food sources rich in these fatty acids. Fruits and vegetables, on the other hand, are rich in nutrients and dietary fiber that are known to suppress the production of cytokines that promote inflammation. If you want to minimize the production of inflammatory cytokines, it’s recommended consuming ample amounts of fruits and vegetables while avoiding food products that are high in trans-fat.
In summary, there are different kinds of cytokines, and they are all good for the body’s immune system. However, there needs to be a balance of the right types to ensure the proper response to health conditions and avoid abnormal cases of inflammation or immune responses. The consumption of the right kinds of food facilitates a healthy inflammation response.